Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Papers,
University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics

No 08-28: How Important is Export-Platform FDI? : Evidence from Multinational Activities in Poland

Ingo Geishecker , Jørgen Ulff-Møller Nielsen () and Konrad Pawlik
Additional contact information
Ingo Geishecker: Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Postal: Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany
Jørgen Ulff-Møller Nielsen: Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, Postal: Frichshuset Hermodsvej 22, 8230 Åbyhøj , Denmark
Konrad Pawlik: Jagiellonian Institute, Postal: Jagiellonian Institute, Warsaw, Poland

Abstract: This paper investigates the link between export performance and multinational enterprise presence utilizing trade and industry data for Polish manufacturing industries for the years 1994-2002. Decomposing trade into final and intermediate goods and assessing the impact of foreign-owned capital on the respective export performance of Polish industries, we suggest a significant role of export-platform FDI into Poland, while the importance of FDI for vertical integration is limited suggesting that the sourcing of intermediate goods from Poland primarily occurs through arm’s-length contractual outsourcing instead of in-house sourcing of multinational enterprises. The paper also suggests that over the sample period, where Poland has evolved into a relatively stable economic environment, the role of export-platform FDI has increased significantly.

Keywords: Export-platform FDI; Vertically integrated multinational enterprises; Export performance; Poland; Contractual outsourcing

JEL-codes: F14; F23

36 pages, January 1, 2008

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