Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland

No 1/1997:
Macroeconomic Aspects of Systemic Bank Restructuring

Peter Nyberg

Abstract: Systemic bank problems arise for a large number of causes and in spite of both active banking supervision and market discipline. Once a problem has emerged, swift action is needed to limit further losses, avoid financial destabilization, and regain efficient markets. The restructuring exercise is essentially microeconomic in nature, but has strong links to the development of the whole economy. Particularly important is to improve risk management in banks and support only viable banks with fit and proper governance. Government bank support is ultimately constrained by the need to safeguard government creditworthiness, and bank creditors may therefore have to carry substantial parts of the loss. Monetary policy should aim for a low and stable rate of inflation without sudden changes in interest or exchange rates, but lending of last resort should remain available at government risk. Bank restructuring is complicated by the need to simultaneously restructure important bank customers.

Keywords: banking crisis; bank restructuring; financial stability; government support; macroeconomic policy; (follow links to similar papers)

32 pages, January 20, 1997

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