Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
HomeAboutSeriesSubject/JEL codesAdvanced Search
Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland

No 25/1998:
Sustainability of Public Finances in Finland and the Four Largest Euro-area Economies

Helvi Kinnunen () and Pasi Kuoppamäki

Abstract: The paper analyses the sustainability of fiscal policy in the four largest countries of the EMU area and Finland with the aim of assessing whether current fiscal policies are compatible with the Stability and Growth Pact in the medium term. The sensitivity of the deficit and debt ratios to changes in the real interest rate and economic growth is also assessed. Moreover, since population ageing will cause an extra burden on public finances, the fiscal pressure of rising pension costs in the longer term is also investigated. The baseline calculations for the medium term suggest that fiscal policy is sustainable in all countries except perhaps France. However, highly indebted countries such as Italy are clearly more sensitive to changes in interest rates. The results indicate that there is little or no room for active fiscal policy. The room for manoeuvre is even more limited if one takes into account that tax rates most likely need to be lowered in many countries, especially in Finland and Italy, due to tax harmonisation and tax competition. Moreover, population ageing will impose pressures on public finances in the long run. Only Finland and Italy seem to be in a position to cope with increasing pension expenditures over the long run.

Keywords: public finance; sustainability; stability pact; tax competition; ageing; pensions; (follow links to similar papers)

30 pages, November 26, 1998

Before downloading any of the electronic versions below you should read our statement on copyright.
Download GhostScript for viewing Postscript files and the Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.

Full text versions of the paper:

DP_25_1998.pdf    PDF-file
Download Statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Minna Nyman ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson () or Helena Lundin ().

Programing by
Design by Joachim Ekebom

Handle: RePEc:hhs:bofrdp:1998_025 This page was generated on 2014-12-14 19:21:26