Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
HomeAboutSeriesSubject/JEL codesAdvanced Search
Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland

No 21/1999:
Strategic Challenges for Exchanges and Securities Settlement

Markku Malkamäki and Jukka Topi ()

Abstract: A common feature of major trends in securities and derivative markets is that they facilitate cross-border competition between financial institutions and markets. These trends include financial deregulation, technological developments that increase network externalities and the introduction of the single currency in Europe. This paper discusses future prospects for stock and derivative exchanges and securities settlement systems globally in the light of this analytical framework. The increased contestability of the financial markets opens the way for a completely new situation where economies of scale and network effects enable new systems to challenge existing exchanges and settlement systems. This has already led towards more integrated trading and settlement infrastructure via mergers, alliances, links, agreements and other forms of cooperation between existing infrastructure companies. At the same time new electronic communication networks and electronic exchanges operated by members of exchanges or off-exchange companies and Internet brokers have emerged. We expect that economies of scale and scope and network effects will foster global competition. The business conducted by brokers and exchanges will tend to converge, thus posing a major challenge for the management of these businesses. Trading and settlement services for the most liquid global trading products will, we believe, be provided by limited liability companies that employ efficient governance practices. We anticipate that US stock and derivative exchanges will have to adopt fully electronic trading systems. This might lead to intense competition between exchanges in the US and globally. We also anticipate that European alliances will be based on a more efficient operational model than the models proposed so far. An increase in Internet-routed equity and derivative trades will lead to partial fragmentation of liquidity. As technology advances, we expect pooling of liquidity in one of the networks.

Keywords: exchanges; settlement systems; technology; network externalities; economies of scale; (follow links to similar papers)

38 pages, December 31, 1999

Before downloading any of the electronic versions below you should read our statement on copyright.
Download GhostScript for viewing Postscript files and the Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.

Full text versions of the paper:

9921.pdf    PDF-file
Download Statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Minna Nyman ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson () or Helena Lundin ().

Programing by
Design by Joachim Ekebom

Handle: RePEc:hhs:bofrdp:1999_021 This page was generated on 2014-12-14 19:21:27