Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working papers in Transport Economics,
CTS - Centre for Transport Studies Stockholm (KTH and VTI)

No 2013:29: Mesoscopic simulation for transit operations

Tomer Toledo (), Oded Cats (), Wilco Burghout () and Haris N. Koutsopoulos ()
Additional contact information
Tomer Toledo: Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Oded Cats: KTH, Postal: Centrum för Transportstudier (CTS), Teknikringen 10, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Wilco Burghout: KTH, Postal: Centrum för Transportstudier (CTS), Teknikringen 10, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Haris N. Koutsopoulos: KTH, Postal: Centrum för Transportstudier (CTS), Teknikringen 10, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This paper presents a transit simulation model designed to support evaluation of operations, planning and control, especially in the context of Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Examples of potential applications include frequency determination, evaluation of real-time control strategies for schedule maintenance and assessing the effects of vehicle scheduling on the level of service. Unlike most previous efforts in this area, the simulation model is built on a platform of a mesoscopic traffic simulation model, which allows modeling of the operation dynamics of large-scale transit systems taking into account the stochasticity due to interactions with road traffic. The capabilities of Mezzo as an evaluation tool of transit operations are demonstrated with an application to a real-world high-demand bus line in the Tel Aviv metropolitan area under various scenarios. The headway distributions at two stops are compared with field observations and show good consistency between simulated and observed data.

Keywords: Simulation; Public transport; Operations; ITS

JEL-codes: R40

36 pages, September 27, 2013

Note: Previously published in: Transportation Research. Part C: Emerging Technologies, Vol. 18, pp 896-908 (2010). DOI: 10.1016/j.trc.2010.02.008

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