Per Kågeson: CTS, Postal: Centrum för Transportstudier (CTS), Teknikringen 10, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Abstract: Car ownership and average annual mileage in Sweden has stagnated at the levels that were reached at the turn of the century. Driver licenses among the young (18-24) declined markedly during the first part of the 1990s, mainly as an effect of a severe economic recession. However, among citizens born in Sweden most of the gap compared to those who reached “driving age” before the crises had disappeared at the age of 35-39. A much lower rate of license holding among people born abroad, who make up 20 per cent of the Swedish population aged 15-39, explains most of the remaining difference for the population as a whole. The gender gap is small among people born in Sweden but large among those who immigrated from non-EU countries. The declining rate of license holding should not mistakenly be regarded a sign of Peak Car as changing priorities and better economic means may make second generation immigrants much more prone to acquire a license than their parents.
14 pages, June 17, 2014
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