Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance,
Stockholm School of Economics

No 272: Endogenous Timing of Investments Yields Modified Stackelberg Outcomes

Mats A. Bergman ()
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Mats A. Bergman: Dept. of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Postal: P.O. Box 6501, SE-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This paper deals with capacity constrained price competition in a duopoly model. The model resembles that in Kreps and Scheinkman (1983), but the timing of the investment/capacity choice is endogenous. In equilibrium, one of the firms will invest to become the Stackelberg leader, although the ratio between the leader's and the follower's capacities is smaller than in the standard Stackelberg outcome. Capacity is built too early, resulting in welfare losses. The leader and the follower will earn equal profits, except when capacity costs are small.

Keywords: Bertrand; Cournot; Stackelberg; strategic investment; excess capacity; games of timing; endogenous entry; rent equalization.

JEL-codes: D43; L13

27 pages, October 22, 1998

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