Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Research Institute of Industrial Economics

No 138: Information Technology, Capital Structure and the Nature of Technical Change

Gunnar Eliasson
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Gunnar Eliasson: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)

Abstract: This paper presents statistical evidence on (1) the importance of "soft" capital spending items like marketing and R&D investments, and (2) the dominant service content of production in the modern manufacturing firm. It pictures the firm as a dominantly information processing entity that has been gradually shifting its competitive base from process cost efficiency toward a product technology. The paper, hence, argues (3) that during the post-war period technical change has been gradually pivoting in a relatively more (hardware) capital saving direction.

Keywords: R&D investment; firm strategy; technological progress; manufacturing

JEL-codes: L11; L16; L60

56 pages, April 1985

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