Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Research Institute of Industrial Economics

No 695: The Role of Small Firms in China's Technology Development

Nannan Lundin (), Fredrik Sjöholm (), He Ping and Jinchang Qian
Additional contact information
Nannan Lundin: Örebro University, Postal: SE-701 82 Örebro, Sweden
Fredrik Sjöholm: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Postal: P.O. Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden
He Ping: National Bureau of Statistics of China
Jinchang Qian: National Bureau of Statistics of China

Abstract: Science & Technology (S&T) is high on the Chinese policy agenda but there are large uncertainties on the actual S&T development. For instance, previous studies tend to focus only on large and medium-sized enterprises (LMEs). The situation in Chinese small firms is far less explored. This paper aims to examine the role of S&T-based small firms. More precisely, we examine how much S&T that has been accounted for by small firms and how their S&T intensity differs across industries and ownership groups. We also analyze how various firm characteristics differ over size categories and S&T status. This study is based on newly processed micro level data provided by the National Bureau of Statistics with information on a large number of S&T indicators for small-, medium-, and large-sized manufacturing firms in China in 2000 and 2004. Our results suggest that small firms in Chinese S&T resemble their role in many other countries. They account for a comparably small share of total S&T and most small firms are not engaged in any S&T. However, those small firms that do engage in S&T tend to be more S&T intensive and have a higher output in terms of patents than larger Chinese S&T firms.

Keywords: Technology; SMEs; China; S&T; R&D

JEL-codes: O30; O31; O53

34 pages, February 6, 2007

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