Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Research Institute of Industrial Economics

No 831: Foreign Ownership and Employment Growth in Indonesian Manufacturing

Fredrik Sjöholm (), Robert E. Lipsey and Jing Sun
Additional contact information
Fredrik Sjöholm: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Postal: P.O. Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden
Robert E. Lipsey: NBER, Postal: and City University of New York
Jing Sun: City University of New York, Postal: and Skidmore College

Abstract: Many developing countries would like to increase the share of modern or formal sectors in their employment. One way to accomplish this goal may be to encourage the entrance of foreign firms. They are typically relatively large, with high productivity and good access to foreign markets, and might therefore be better at creating jobs than domestic firms are. However, previous research on the issue has been limited by the paucity of long data sets for firm operations. We examine employment growth in Indonesia in a large panel of plants between 1975 and 2005, and especially in plants taken over by foreign owners from domestic ones. Employment growth is relatively high in foreign-owned establishments, although foreign firms own relatively large domestic plants, which in general grow more slowly than smaller plants. For plants that change the nationality of ownership during our period, we find a strong effect of shifts from domestic to foreign ownership in raising the growth rate of employment, but no significant effects of shifts from foreign to domestic ownership. The faster growth of employment in the foreign-owned plants in general is concentrated in the takeovers, especially in the year of acquisition. Foreign takeover of a domestically-owned plant, on average, brings a large immediate expansion of employment.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment; Employment; Indonesia; Acquisitions

JEL-codes: F23; J21; J23

20 pages, April 26, 2010

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