Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Research Institute of Industrial Economics

No 982: Taxes and the Choice of Organizational Form by Entrepreneurs in Sweden

Karin Edmark () and Roger Gordon ()
Additional contact information
Karin Edmark: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Postal: P.O. Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden
Roger Gordon: University of California, Postal: San Diego

Abstract: This paper estimates the role of both tax and non-tax determinants in the choice in Sweden to be a closely-held corporation vs. a proprietorship, using individual data for 2004 to 2008 on owners of closely-held businesses. While lower-income individuals face relatively neutral incentives, higher income individuals face strong tax incentives to be corporate. The data suggest a relatively strong correlation between these tax incentives and the likelihood that a firm is corporate. Many conventional non-tax determinants are confirmed in the data as well.

Keywords: Self-employment; Entrepreneurship; Taxation of closely-held businesses; Business organizational form

JEL-codes: G32; G38; H25

48 pages, October 10, 2013

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