Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Research Institute of Industrial Economics

No 1055: Retail City: The Relationship between Place Attractiveness and Accessibility to Shops

Özge Öner ()
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Özge Öner: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Postal: P.O. Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This paper explores the role of retailers as an urban amenity. Using data for Swedish rural and city municipalities for 2002–2008, ‘accessibility to shops’ measures are constructed for the shops in the municipalities and in the hosting regions separately to examine the relationship between consumption possibilities and place attractiveness in a spatial continuum. Place attractiveness is proxied by a Q ratio for Swedish housing investment based on Tobin’s Q. Access to stores within municipal market boundaries is found to be relevant for the place attractiveness of city municipalities, whereas no such relationship is evident for rural municipalities.

Keywords: Housing; Urban amenities; Retail; Q theory; Regional hierarchy

JEL-codes: L81; R12; R14; R31

26 pages, January 12, 2015

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