, Mathias Ekström
(), Tore Ellingsen
(), Magnus Johannesson
() and Fredrik Strömsten
Makan Amini: Advent International
Mathias Ekström: NHH Norwegian School of Economics, Postal: and Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)
Tore Ellingsen: Stockholm School of Economics, Postal: and NHH Norwegian School of Economics
Magnus Johannesson: Stockholm School of Economics
Fredrik Strömsten: McKinsey & Company
Abstract: Failure to express minority views may distort the behavior of company boards, committees, juries, and other decision-making bodies. Devising a new experimental procedure to measure such conformity in a judgment task, we compare the degree of conformity in groups with varying gender composition. Overall, our experiments offer little evidence that gender composition affects expression of minority views. A robust finding is that a subject’s lack of ability predicts both a true propensity to accept others judgment (informational social influence) and a propensity to agree despite private doubt (normative social influence). Thus, as an antidote to conformity in our experiments, high individual ability seems more effective than group diversity.
42 pages, October 20, 2015
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