Mark Brown, Shon Ferguson () and Crina Viju
Mark Brown: Statistics Canada, Postal: Ottawa, Canada
Shon Ferguson: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)
Crina Viju: Institute of European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, Postal: Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada
Abstract: We decompose the impact of trade reform on technology adoption and land use to study how aggregate changes were driven by reallocation versus within-farm adaptation. Using detailed census data covering over 30,000 farms in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada we find a range of new results. We find that the reform-induced shift from producing low-value to high-value crops for export, the adoption of new seeding technologies and reduction in summer fallow observed at the aggregate level between 1991 and 2001 were driven mainly by the within-farm effect. In the longer run, however, reallocation of land from shrinking and exiting farms to growing and new farms explains more than half of the aggregate changes in technology adoption and land use between 1991 and 2011.
35 pages, September 26, 2017
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