Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Research Institute of Industrial Economics

No 1263: Gender Grading Bias in Junior High School Mathematics

Petter Berg , Ola Palmgren and Björn Tyrefors ()
Additional contact information
Petter Berg: Department of Economics, Postal: Stockholm University
Ola Palmgren: Department of Economics, Postal: Stockholm University
Björn Tyrefors: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Postal: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: Admission to high school in Sweden is based on the final grades from junior high. This paper compares students’ final mathematics grade with new data from a high school introductory test score in mathematics. Both the grades and the test are based on the same syllabus, but teachers enjoy great discretion when deciding final grades, as the grades are not externally evaluated. The results show a substantial grading difference, consistent with grading bias against boys.​

Keywords: Educational economics; Gender; Grading bias; Mathematics

JEL-codes: I20; I24; I28; J16

10 pages, February 13, 2019

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