Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Research Institute of Industrial Economics

No 1273: The Compensation Hypothesis Revisited and Reversed

Andreas Bergh ()
Additional contact information
Andreas Bergh: Lund University, Postal: and Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This note describes how research on the link between globalization and openness has changed over time. Early contributions assumed that countries develop welfare states to compensate for volatility caused by economic openness (the compensation hypothesis). Recent findings have cast doubts on several steps in the causal chain implied by the compensation hypothesis. In many ways economic openness has been shown to be particularly beneficial for countries with high taxes and high income equality. Countries with large welfare states can use economic openness to mitigate some of the unintended side-effects of social protection and high taxes. The compensation hypothesis can thus be reformulated: Through trade, the citizens in large welfare states can enjoy some of the benefits associated with cheap labor and high wage dispersion despite their domestic economy being characterized by the opposite.

Keywords: Economic integration; Welfare state; Globalization

JEL-codes: E02; F10; H53

9 pages, April 16, 2019

Full text files

wp1273.pdf PDF-file Full text

Download statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Elisabeth Gustafsson ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ().

This page generated on 2019-04-30 10:51:04.