Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Research Institute of Industrial Economics

No 1332: Gender and Climate Action

Niklas Elert () and Erik Lundin ()
Additional contact information
Niklas Elert: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Postal: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden
Erik Lundin: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Postal: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: It is well-known that men and women differ in their views regarding the severity of climate change, but do they also differ in their support for climate policy and in undertaking climate action in their everyday lives? Previous survey evidence on these questions is inconclusive, but we can answer them using unique survey data from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA). Regression analysis confirms that Swedish women believe more strongly than men that climate change will affect Sweden. Further, women engage in more climate-mitigating behavior than men, even conditional on climate beliefs. The association between gender and climate policy support is less robust and disappears altogether when climate beliefs are controlled for, demonstrating that climate beliefs is the main mechanism explaining the relationship between gender and policy support.

Keywords: Climate change; Public opinion; Gender; Environmental beliefs

JEL-codes: H23; J16; O44; Q54; Q58

Language: English

39 pages, First version: April 21, 2020. Revised: February 18, 2022. Earlier revisions: February 18, 2022.

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