(), Jon Mikel Zabala
() and José L. Zofío
Fernando Jiménez-Sáez: INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management, Univ. Polytechnic of Valencia, Postal: Ciudad Politécnica de la Innovación, Edificio 8E. Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Jon Mikel Zabala: CIRCLE, Lund University, Postal: PO Box 117, Sölvegatan 16, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
José L. Zofío: Department of Economic Analysis, Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain, Postal: Departamento de Análisis Económico: Teoría Económica e Historia Económica, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain
Abstract: Relying on efficiency analysis we evaluate to what extent policy makers have been able to promote the establishment of consolidated and comprehensive research groups to contribute to the implementation of a successful innovation system for the Spanish food technology sector, oriented to the production of knowledge based on an application model. Using data envelopment analysis techniques and Malmquist productivity indices we find pervasive levels of inefficiency and a typology of different research strategies. Among these, in contrast to what has been assumed, established groups do not play the pre-eminent benchmarking role; rather, partially oriented, specialized and "shooting star" groups are the most common patterns. These results correspond with an infant innovation system, where the fostering of higher levels of efficiency and promotion of the desired research patterns are ongoing.
39 pages, October 30, 2010
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