Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Papers in Innovation Studies,
Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy

No 2013/15: The Geography and Structure of Global Innovation Networks: A Knowledge Base Perspective

Ju Liu (), Cristina Chaminade () and Bjørn Asheim ()
Additional contact information
Ju Liu: CIRCLE, Lund University, Postal: CIRCLE, Lund University, PO Box 117, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
Cristina Chaminade: CIRCLE, Lund University, Postal: CIRCLE, Lund University, PO Box 117, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
Bjørn Asheim: CIRCLE, Lund University, Postal: CIRCLE, Lund University, PO Box 117, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden

Abstract: This paper explores the geography and structure of global innovation networks (GINs) of two multinational companies belonging to industries with different knowledge bases. It contributes to existing literature on knowledge bases, by studying both intra-firm and inter-firm GINs. By means of social network analysis based on primary data, we identify two different forms of GINs, namely the globallyorganised model and the locally-organised model. The paper finds that, in addition to influencing the geographic spread of a GIN, the knowledge base also influences the way that a GIN is organised.

Keywords: global innovation network; multinational companies; knowledge base; structure; geography; social network analysis

JEL-codes: F23; O32

27 pages, September 15, 2012

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201315_Liu_et_Al.pdf PDF-file 

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