Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Papers in Innovation Studies,
Lund University, CIRCLE - Centre for Innovation Research

No 2019/13: International knowledge flows between industry inventors and universities: The role of multinational companies

Claudio Fassio (), Aldo Geuna () and Federica Rossi ()
Additional contact information
Claudio Fassio: Lund University, Postal: Sweden
Aldo Geuna: University of Torino, Postal: Italy
Federica Rossi: University of London, Postal: UK

Abstract: We investigate the determinants of industry researchers’ interactions with universities in different localities, distinguishing between local and international universities. We analyze the extent to which local and international interactions are enabled by different types of individual personal networks (education, career based), and by their access to different business networks through their employer companies (local vs. domestic or international multinational company networks). We control for selection bias and numerous other individual and firm-level factors identified in the literature as important determinants of interaction with universities. Our findings suggest that industry researchers’ personal networks play a greater role in promoting interactions with local universities (i.e. in the same region, and other regions in the same country) while researcher employment in a multinational is especially important for establishing interaction with universities abroad.

Keywords: University-industry interaction; international knowledge flows; MNEs; social network; education network; career network

JEL-codes: F23; I23; L24; O31

40 pages, October 4, 2019

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