Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Papers in Innovation Studies,
Lund University, CIRCLE - Centre for Innovation Research

No 2021/4: Innovation in Malmö after the Öresund Bridge

Olof Ejermo (), Katrin Hussinger (), Basheer Kalash () and Torben Schubert ()
Additional contact information
Olof Ejermo: Lund University, Postal: Sweden
Katrin Hussinger: University of Luxembourg, Postal: Luxembourg
Basheer Kalash: SciencesPo OFCE, Postal: France
Torben Schubert: CIRCLE, Lund University, Postal: Sweden

Abstract: We analyse the effect of the Öresund Bridge, a combined railway and motorway bridge between Swedish Malmö and the Danish capital Copenhagen, on inventive activity in the region of Malmö. Applying difference-in-difference estimation on individual level data, our findings suggest that the Öresund Bridge has led to a significant increase in the number of patents per individual with a background prone to patenting in the Malmö region as compared to the Gothenburg and Stockholm regions. Further, we show that the dominating mechanism is the attraction of highly qualified workers to the Malmö region following the construction of the bridge.

Keywords: transport infrastructure; innovation; Öresund Bridge; cross-border regions; patents; inventors; agglomeration effects

JEL-codes: L91; O31; O33; R11

37 pages, April 22, 2021

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