Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Papers,
Lund University, Department of Economics

No 2001:3: Demand for Water and Sanitation in Bangladesh

Therése Hindman Persson ()
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Therése Hindman Persson: ECON Analysis, Postal: ECON Analysis, Artillerigatan 42, 5tr, SE-114 45 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world with water and sanitation associated diseases the major cause of mortality and morbidity.The present study analyses household choice of toilet facility and drinking water source respectively for a sample of households in Bangladesh using a mixed logit model. In the case of toilet facilities,the results reveal that there are choice specific characteristics that significantly affect household choice and the educational level of thehousehold is an important determinant of household demand. In the caseof drinking water source, the results imply that there are no choice specific characteristics that affect household demand which is contraryto what was expected. In addition, household size and education had significant effects which was in line with the a priori expectations although the effect of education was negative. When comparing the present study to earlier studies the results indicate that there might be a pattern of demand for water and sanitation related inputs that is consistent across countries.

Keywords: Bangladesh; Water and Sanitation; Household Demand; Mixed Logit

JEL-codes: C25; D12; Q25

19 pages, March 14, 2001

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