Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Papers,
Lund University, Department of Economics

No 2014:28: The Return of the Original Phillips curve? An Assessment of Lars E. O. Svensson's Critique of the Riksbank's Inflation Targeting, 1997-2012

Fredrik N. G. Andersson () and Lars Jonung ()
Additional contact information
Fredrik N. G. Andersson: Department of Economics, Lund University, Postal: Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Box 7082, S-220 07 Lund, Sweden
Lars Jonung: Department of Economics, Lund University, Postal: Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Box 7082, S-220 07 Lund, Sweden

Abstract: We assess Lars E O Svensson's prominent critique of the Swedish Riksbank. We reject his two major claims: first that the Riksbank has anchored inflation expectations at the 2 percent inflation target, and second, that the original version of the Phillips curve, based constant inflation expectations, is appropriate to calculate the unemployment effects of monetary policy. We find his conclusion that the Riksbank's policy has contributed to an average of 38 000 more unemployed every year 1997-2011 misleading. We also show that the inflation targeting of the Riksbank 1995-2014 is successful compared to previous monetary regimes.

Keywords: Sweden; inflation targeting; Phillips curve; inflation expectations; Swedish Riksbank; unemployment

JEL-codes: D84; E24; E31; E52; E58

42 pages, First version: August 29, 2014. Revised: December 10, 2015.

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