(), Sofie Persson
(), Ulf-G. Gerdtham
() and Katarina Steen Carlsson
Emma Persson: Department of Statistics, Umeå University, Postal: Department of Statistics, USBE, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
Sofie Persson: Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Postal: Health Economics Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden
Ulf-G. Gerdtham: Department of Economics, Lund University, Postal: Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Box 7082, S-220 07 Lund, Sweden
Katarina Steen Carlsson: Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Postal: Health Economics Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden
Abstract: This paper investigates if the effect of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) on school performance has changed over time using national Swedish population register data. The issue is of interest because management and treatment of the disease have improved over the last decades and, furthermore, because of changes in the educational grading system. Despite these changes, data indicate a persistent negative effect of T1DM on compulsory and upper secondary school grades and the results appears similar to earlier findings on cohorts completing school under the previous grading system. Moreover, the results are robust to alternative model specifications and econometric estimation strategies. Whereas access to new treatment technologies and improved diabetes management strategies has reduced the burden of diabetes in daily life, the results from this study indicate that other trends have not implied a reduction, over time, in the impact of T1DM on school performance. This finding indicates that continued efforts are needed to improve the situation in school for children with T1DM to prevent potential long-term socioeconomic consequences.
34 pages, October 24, 2016
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