Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Discussion Paper Series in Economics,
Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics

No 11/2016: From Fossil Fuels to Renewables: The Role of Electricity Storage.

Itziar Lazkano , Linda Nøstbakken () and Martino Pelli ()
Additional contact information
Itziar Lazkano: Dept. of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Postal: NHH , Department of Economics, Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway
Linda Nøstbakken: Dept. of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Postal: NHH , Department of Economics, Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway
Martino Pelli: Université de Sherbrooke, Postal: Université de Sherbrooke, Canada

Abstract: We analyze the role of electricity storage for technological innovations in electricity generation. We propose a directed technological change model of the electricity sector, where innovative rms develop better electricity storage solutions, which a ect not only the relative competitiveness between renewable and nonrenewable electricity Sources but also the ease with which they can be substituted. Using a global rm-level data set of electricity patents from 1963 to 2011, we empirically analyze the determinants of innovation in electricity generation, and the role of storage in directing innovation. Our results show that electricity storage increases innovation not only in renewables but also in conventional technologies. This implies that efforts to increase innovation in storage can benefit conventional, fossil fuel- red electricity plants as well as increasing the use of renewable electricity.

Keywords: Innovation; Directed technical change; Electricity storage; Electricity markets; Power generation

JEL-codes: O30; O40; O50; Q20; Q30; Q40; Q50

62 pages, May 31, 2016

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