Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Oslo University, Department of Economics

No 17/2014: Reciprocal Climate Negotiators: Balancing Anger against Even More Anger

Karine Nyborg ()
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Karine Nyborg: Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo, Postal: Department of Economics, University of Oslo, P.O Box 1095 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo, Norway

Abstract: I explore possible impacts of reciprocal preferences on participation in international environmental agreements. Reciprocal countries condition their willingness to abate on others' abatement. No participation is always stable. A full or majority coalition can be stable, provided that reciprocity is sufficiently strong and widespread. In addition, a stable minority coalition can exist, even with weak reciprocity preferences. This latter coalition is weakly larger than the maximum stable coalition with standard preferences, but is characterized by mutually negative sentiments.

Keywords: International Environmental Agreements; Reciprocity; Coalitions

JEL-codes: F53; H87; Q54

32 pages, August 30, 2014

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