(), Niklas Rudholm
and Ulf Rämme
Sven-Olov Daunfeldt: The Ratio Institute, Postal: The Ratio Institute, P.O. Box 3203, SE-103 64 Stockholm, Sweden
Niklas Rudholm: The Swedish Retail Institute (HUI), Postal: The Swedish Retail Institute (HUI), SE-103 29 Stockholm , Sweden
Ulf Rämme: The Swedish Retail Institute (HUI), Postal: The Swedish Retail Institute (HUI) , SE-103 29 Stockholm , Sweden
Abstract: Did the introduction of congestion charges in Stockholm city reduce retail revenues? Data from 20 shopping malls - 8 within the toll area, and 12 outside the tool area - and from a sample of retail stores located along the main shopping streets was analyzed using an intervention-control approach. Favorable outcomes, such as reduced traffic, less emissions of carbon-dioxide, and perceived improvements in air quality and accessibility, do not seem to have been offset by reduced revenues for retailers located within the toll area.
17 pages, May 7, 2009
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