Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Ratio Working Papers,
The Ratio Institute

No 190: The Dynamics of Offshoring and Institutions

Fredrik Heyman () and Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall ()
Additional contact information
Fredrik Heyman: Research Institute of Industrial Economics
Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall: The Ratio Institute, Postal: The Ratio Institute, P.O. Box 5095, SE-102 42 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: Previous research has recognized that weak institutions can hamper investments and alter patterns of trade. However, little is known about the impact of institutional quality on offshoring. This is surprising, given that offshoring has become an important part of many firms’ internationalization strategy. This study uses detailed Swedish firm-level data on production and trade in combination with a large set of institutional measures of the target economies to study the relationship between institutional quality and offshoring. The results suggest that weak institutions are negatively related to offshoring in general and to offshoring of R&D-intensive goods in particular. Furthermore, firms that are able to establish long-term contracts do so by starting small and successively deepening their engagements. These results are robust to a large number of conometric pecifications and various measures of institutional quality.

Keywords: Offshoring; Institutions; Firm-level data

JEL-codes: F14; F23; P48

40 pages, April 11, 2012

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