Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

CERE Working Papers,
CERE - the Center for Environmental and Resource Economics

No 2012:5: Is Stump Harvesting a Remedy for the Climate Crisis or a Curse for Biodiversity? An Interdisciplinary Study of Conflicting Goals.

Erik Geijer (), Jon Andersson (), Göran Bostedt (), Runar Brännlund () and Joakim Hjältén ()
Additional contact information
Erik Geijer: CERE, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, Postal: Dept. of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S-901 83 Umeå, Sweden
Jon Andersson: Dept. of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Postal: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S-901 83 Umeå, , Sweden
Göran Bostedt: CERE, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, Postal: Dept. of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S-901 83 Umeå, Sweden
Runar Brännlund: CERE, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, Postal: Dept of Economics, University of Umeå, S-901 87 Umeå, , Sweden
Joakim Hjältén: Dept. of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Postal: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S-901 83 Umeå, , Sweden

Abstract: Dead wood is recognized as being one of the most important factors for forest biodiversity for many organism groups. One of the Swedish official environmental objectives is therefore to increase dead wood volume. However, reducing climate impact through increased use of forest biofuels is likely to work against this objective. The analysis is based on a regional economic forest sector model, focusing on northern Sweden, that includes suppliers and major users of roundwood and ecological results of stump harvest on forest biodiversity. The parameters of the model are estimated with a data set spanning 28 years. We simulate the effects of an increased demand for wood fuels in northern Sweden, with or without stump harvest. The two scenarios have different effects on all major roundwood markets in the region, as well as on biodiversity. More specifically, in our model, the scenario with stump harvest implies a 0.3 percent decrease in the emissions of greenhouse gases and a 4.12 percent reduction in overall population density of saproxylic beetles on each years future clear cuts. Thus, a clear goal conflict exists.

Keywords: Goal conflicts; Stump harvesting; Biofuels; Biodiversity

JEL-codes: D61; Q23; Q57

30 pages, February 3, 2012

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