() and Per-Olov Marklund
Tommy Lundgren: CERE, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, Postal: Dept of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S-901 83 Umeå, Sweden
Per-Olov Marklund: CERE, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, Postal: Centre for Regional Science, CERUM, University of Umeå, S-901 87 Umeå, Sweden
Abstract: In this study we investigate how firm level environmental performance (EP) affect firm level economic performance measured as profit efficiency (PE) in a stochastic profit frontier setting. Analyzing firms in Swedish manufacturing 1990-2004, results show that EP induced by environmental policy is not a determinant of PE, while voluntary or non-policy induced EP seem to have a significant (+) effect on firm PE in most sectors. The evidence generally supports the idea that good EP is also good for business, as long as EP is not brought on by policy measures, in this case a CO2 tax.
19 pages, February 17, 2012
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