Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Research Institute of Industrial Economics

No 487: What have we learned from Evolutionary Game Theory so far?

Jörgen W. Weibull ()
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Jörgen W. Weibull: The Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Postal: Box 5501, 114 85 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: Evolutionary theorizing has a long tradition in economics. Only recently has this approach been brought into the framework of non-cooperative game theory. Evolutionary game theory studies the robustness of strategic behaviour with respect to evolutionary forces in the context of games played many times in large populations of boundedly rational agents. This new strand in economic theory has lead to new predictions and opened up doors to other social sciences. The discussion will be focused on the following questions: What distinguishes the evolutionary approach from the rationalistic? What are the most important findings in evolutionary game theory so far? What are the next challenges for evolutionary game theory in economics?

Keywords: Game theory; Evolution

JEL-codes: C70

29 pages, First version: September 16, 1997. Revised: October 26, 1998. Earlier revisions: October 26, 1998.

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